3D User eXperience for Mobile Network Virtual Environments

The three year (2010-2013) research project Chiru explores the future of 3D mobile internet. The project is conducted at the Center for Internet Excellence, University of Oulu, Finland and it is funded by Nokia, Intel and the Finnish national funding agency (Tekes).
The project is focused on providing an improved 3D user experience for mobile users. The goal is pursued by developing new 3D user interfaces and interaction mechanisms as well as networked virtual environment technologies for mobile devices.

Seamus Hickey

Research lead

Jonna Häkkilä

Research lead

Jarkko Vatjus-Anttila

Technical lead

Timo Koskela

Project manager 2012/04-2013

Kari Autio

Project manager 2010-2012/03

Leena Arhippainen

Senior researcher

Other team

Jiehan Zhou

Senior Researcher

Minna Pakanen

Researcher

Matti Pouke

Researcher

Antti Karhu

Researcher

Maaret Posti

Researcher

Leena Ventä-Olkkonen

Researcher

Kari Vatjus-Anttila

Researcher

Ville Saarinen

Researcher

Toni Dahl

Researcher

Juha Hyvärinen

Researcher

Olli Koskenranta

Researcher

Jukka Vatjus-Anttila

Researcher

Miika Santala

Researcher

Ashley Colley

Researcher

Jarkko Savolainen

Researcher
Hickey, S., Pakanen, M., and Arhippainen, L. (2012). A 3D UI for Service Multitasking in a 3D City Map. In Proc. 25th Annual Conference of the Australian Computer-Human Interaction Special Group (OZCHI), November 26-30, Melbourne, Australia.
Zanni, D., Alatalo, T., Goncalves, J., Ojala, T., Arhippainen, L. (2013). Porting a 3D Tablet Interface onto a Wall-Sized Display. In Proc. CHI Workshop on Interactive, Ultra-High-Resolution Displays (POWERWALL). Rooney, C., Fekete, J., Endert, A., North, C., Hornbæk, K. (eds.).
Hickey, S., Karhu, A., Hyvärinen, J., Arhippainen, L. (2013). Interaction with Services using an Augmented Reality User Interface. In Proc. 15th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services (MobileHCI), August 27-30, Munich, Germany.
Pakanen, M., Arhippainen, L., Hickey, S., and Karhu, A. (2013). Visual Indication of Interactive 3D Elements in 3D Virtual Environments. In Proc. Academic MindTrek Conference, October 1-4, Tampere, Finland.
Pakanen, M., Arhippainen, L. and Hickey, S. (2013). Studying Four 3D GUI Metaphors in Virtual Environment in Tablet Context - Visual Design and Early Phase User Experience Evaluation. In Proc. 6th International Conference on Advances in Computer-Human Interactions (ACHI), February 24 - March 1, Nice, France.
Pouke, M., Karhu, A., Hickey, S. & Arhippainen, L. (2012). Gaze Tracking and Non-­Touch Gesture Based Interaction Method for Mobile 3D Virtual Spaces. In Proc. 25th Annual Conference of the Australian Computer-Human Interaction Special Group (OZCHI), November 26-30, Melbourne, Australia.
Pakanen, M., Arhippainen, L. & Hickey, S. (2012). Design and Evaluation of Icons for 3D GUI on Tablets. In Proc. Academic MindTrek Conference, October 3-5, Tampere, Finland, 203-206.
Hemmoranta, J., Arhippainen, L., Pakanen, M. & Hickey, S. (2012). From Sketches and User Evaluations to 3D Models. In Proc. Academic MindTrek Conference, October 3-5, Tampere, Finland, 225-226 (poster).
Arhippainen, L., Pakanen, M. & Hickey, S. (2012). Preliminary Design Guidelines for Tablet's 3D GUIs Based on the Five UX Studies. In Proc. Designing Interactive Systems (DIS), June 23-25, NewCastle, UK (poster).
Pakanen, M. Arhippainen, L. and Hickey, S. (2012). UX Based Design Recommendations for Interactive 3D Objects in 3D UI on Tablet Devices. In Proc. ACM CHI Workshop on The 3rd Dimension of CHI: Touching and Designing 3D User Interfaces (3DCHI). Anderson, K., Arhippainen, L., Benko, H., de la Rivière, J-B., Häkkilä, J., Krüger, A., Keefe, D., Pakanen, M. and Steinicke, F. (eds).
Pakanen, M., Huhtala, J. & Hakkila J. (2011). Location visualization in social media applications. In Proc. 29th Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI), May 7-12, Vancouver, Canada, 2439-2442.
Arhippainen, L., Pakanen, M., Hickey, S. and Mattila, P. (2011). User Experiences of 3D Virtual Learning Environment. In Proc. 15th MindTrek Conference, September 29-30, Tampere, Finland, 222-227.
Arhippainen, L. & Hickey, S. (2011). Classifying Music User Groups and Identifying Needs for Mobile Virtual Music Services. Proc. 15th MindTrek Conference, September 29-30, Tampere, Finland, 191-196.
Santala, M., Hyvärinen, J., Hickey, S. & Vatjus-Anttila, J. (2012). 3D Object Reconstruction Processing Chain for Extensible Virtual Spaces. In Proc. Academic MindTrek Conference, October 3-5, Tampere, Finland (poster).
Häkkilä, J., Posti, M., Koskenranta, O., Ventä-Olkkonen, L. (2013). Design and Evaluation of Mobile Phonebook Application with Stereoscopic 3D User Interface. In Extended Abstracts of CHI (Work-in-Progress), April 27-May 2, Paris, France, 1389-1394.
Sunnari, M., Arhippainen, L. Pakanen, M. & Hickey, S. (2012). Studying User Experiences of Autostereoscopic 3D Menu on Touch Screen Mobile Device. In Proc. 25th Annual Conference of the Australian Computer-Human Interaction Special Group (OZCHI), 26-30 November, Melbourne, Australia.
Arhippainen, L., Pakanen, M., Hickey, S. (2013). Mixed UX Methods Can Help to Achieve Triumphs. In Proc. ACM CHI workshop on Made for Sharing: HCI Stories for Transfer, Triumph and Tragedy. Law, E. L-C., Hvannberg, E.T. Vermeeren, A.P.O.S. Cockton, G., Jokela, T. (eds).
Arhippainen, L., Pakanen, M. & Hickey, S. (2012). Designing 3D Virtual Music Club Spaces by Utilizing Mixed UX Methods: From Sketches to Self-Expression Method. In Proc. Academic MindTrek Conference, October 3-5, Tampere, Finland, 178-184.
Ventä-Olkkonen, L., Posti, M., Häkkilä, J. (2013). Charting User Perceptions on Using a Window as a Mixed Reality Display at Home. In Proc. CHI workshop on Displays Take New Shape: An Agenda for Future Interactive Surfaces, April 27-May 2, Paris, France.
Vatjus-Anttila, J., Hickey, S. & Kuusela, E. (2011). Methods and Network Architecture for Modifying Extensible Virtual Environment to Support Mobility. In Proc. 15th MindTrek Conference, September 29-30, Tampere, Finland, 45-51.
Vatjus-Anttila, J.M., Koskela, T. and Hickey. S. (2013) Adaptive Content Management for Collaborative 3D Virtual Spaces. In Proc. FRUCT Conference, April 22-26, Petroskoi, Russia.
Vatjus-Anttila, JM., Koskela, T., and Hickey, S. (2013). Effect of 3D Content Simplification on Mobile Device Energy Consumption. In Proc. Academic MindTrek Conference, October 1-4, Tampere, Finland.
Vatjus-Anttila, JM., Koskela, T., and Hickey, S. (2013). Energy Consumption Model of a Mobile GPU Based on Rendering Complexity. In Proc. 7th International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Apps, Services and Technologies (NGMAST), September 25-27, Prague, Czech Republic.
Pakanen, M., Arhippainen, L., Hickey, S., Vatjus-Anttila, J.H. and Pakanen, O. (2013). Visual Indication While Sharing Items from a Private 3D Portal Room UI to Public Virtual Environments. In Proc. 14th IFIP TC13 Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT), September 2-6, Cape Town, South Africa.
Hickey, S., Arhippainen, L., Vatjus-Anttila, J.H. and Pakanen, M (2013). User Experience Study of Concurrent Virtual Environments with 2D Tab and 3D Portal UIs. In Proc. 19th ICE Conference, June 24-26, the Hague, the Netherlands.
Dahl, T., Koskela, T., Hickey, S. and Vatjus-Anttila, JM. (2013). A Virtual World Web Client Utilizing An Entity-Component Model. In Proc. 7th International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Apps, Services and Technologies (NGMAST), September 25-27, Prague, Czech Republic.
Vatjus-Anttila, K., Koskela, T., Hickey, S. and Vatjus-Anttila, JM. (2013). Occlusion Based Message Dissemination Method in Networked Virtual Environments. In Proc. 7th International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Apps, Services and Technologies (NGMAST), September 25-27, Prague, Czech Republic.
Pouke, M. (2013). Using 3D Virtual Environments to Monitor Elderly Patient Activity with Low Cost Sensors. In Proc. 7th International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Apps, Services and Technologies (NGMAST), September 25-27, Prague, Czech Republic.
Pouke, M. (2013). Using GPS Data to Control an Agent in a Realistic 3D Environment. In Proc. 7th International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Apps, Services and Technologies (NGMAST), September 25-27, Prague, Czech Republic.
Saarinen, Ville (2012). Network Simulation Environment for NVEs. Master's Thesis (60 p). Department of Information Processing Science, University of Oulu. Supervisor P. Pulli.
Ventä-Olkkonen, L., Posti, M., and Häkkilä, J. (2013). How to Use 3D in Stereoscopic Mobile User Interfaces - Study on Initial User Perceptions. In Proc. Academic MindTrek Conference, October 1-4, Tampere, Finland.
Arhippainen, L., Hickey, S., Pakanen, M. and Karhu, A. (2013). User Experiences of Service Applications on Two Similar 3D UIs with Different 3D Space Contexts. In Proc. Academic MindTrek Conference, October 1-4, Tampere, Finland.
Arhippainen, L., and Pakanen, M. (2013). Utilizing Self-Expression Template Method in User Interface Design - Three Design Cases. In Proc. Academic MindTrek Conference, October 1-4, Tampere, Finland.
Koskela, T., Arhippainen, L., Pouke, M., Karhu, A., and Hickey, S. (2013) User Experiences in ThrowIt: a Natural UI for Sharing Objects between Mobile Devices. In Proc. 7th International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Apps, Services and Technologies (NGMAST), September 25-27, Prague, Czech Republic.
Arhippainen, L., Pakanen, M. and Hickey, S. (2013). Studying User Experiences on Depth in 3D User Interface by a Paper Prototype as a Part of the Mixed Methods Evaluation Procedure. In Proc. 6th International Conference on Advances in Computer-Human Interactions (ACHI), February 24 - March 1, Nice, France.
Arhippainen, L., Pakanen, M. and Hickey, S. (2013). Towards a 3D User Interface in a Tablet Device Context - An iterative Design and Evaluation Process. In Proc. 6th International Conference on Advances in Computer-Human Interactions (ACHI), February 24 - March 1, Nice, France, 47-52.
Häkkilä, J., Koskenranta, O., Posti, M., Ventä-Olkkonen, L., Colley, A (2013). Clearing the Virtual Window - Connecting Two Locations with Interactive Public Displays. In Proc. ACM International Symposium on Pervasive Displays, June 4-5, Mountain View, CA, USA.
Salo, K., Arhippainen, L. & Hickey, S. (2012). Design Guidelines for Hybrid 2D/3D User Interfaces on Tablet Devices - A User Experience Evaluation. In Proc. 5th International Conference on Advances in Computer-Human Interactions (ACHI), January 30 - February 4, Valencia, Spain, 180-185.
Häkkilä, J., Koskenranta, O., Posti, M., Ventä-Olkkonen, L. (2013). Social Interaction with an Interactive Media Installation in a City Center. In Proc. CHI workshop on Experiencing Interactivity in Public Spaces, April 27-May 2, Paris, France.
Häkkilä, J., Koskenranta, O., Posti M. (2013). Using Stone in the User Interface Design – City Mouse Urban Media Installation. Proc. 7th International Conference on Tangible, Embedded and Embodied Interaction (TEI), February 10-13, Barcelona, Spain.
Ventä-Olkkonen, L., Posti, M., Koskenranta, O. & Häkkilä, J. (2012). User Expectations of Mobile Mixed Reality Service Content. In Proc. 11th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia (MUM), December 3-6, Ulm, Germany (poster).
Karukka, M., Nisula, P., Häkkilä, J., Kangasoja, J. (2012). Charting the Audience Perceptions of Projected 3D Media Installations. In Proc. 11th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia (MUM), December 3-6, Ulm, Germany (poster).
Hickey, S., Pakanen, M., Arhippainen, L., Kuusela, E. & Karhu, A. (2012). Service Fusion: An Interactive 3D User Interface. In Proc. 11th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia (MUM), December 3-6, Ulm, Germany (demo).
Karhu, A., Vatjus-Anttila, J.H., Hickey, S. & Vatjus-Anttila, J.M. (2012). Supporting Multiple Virtual Worlds on a Single 3D Viewer. In Proc. 16th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Distributed Simulation and Real Time Applications (DS-RT), October 25-27, Dublin, Ireland (poster).
Hyvärinen, J., Vatjus-Anttila, J., Santala, M., Koskenranta, O., Hickey, S. & Vatjus-Anttila, JM. (2011). A Mobile Client Implementation for Extensible Network Virtual Worlds. In Proc. 15th MindTrek Conference, September 29-30, Tampere, Finland, 326-328 (poster).
Vatjus-Anttila, Kari (2012). Occlusion Based Message Dissemination Method in Networked Virtual Environments. Master's Thesis (52 p). Department of Information Processing Science. University of Oulu. Supervisors P. Pulli.
Karhu, Antti (2012). Memory Management for Multiple Client-Server Connections on a 3D Viewer. Master’s Thesis (67 p). Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Oulu. Supervisors J. Heikkilä & S. Hickey.
Salo, Katri (2011) Hybrid 2D/3D User Interfaces on Tablet Devices – User Experiences and Design Guidelines. Master's Thesis. University of Oulu. (67 p). Supervisors K. Kuutti & L. Arhippainen.
Santala, Miika (2012). 3D Content Capturing and Reconstruction Using Microsoft Kinect Depth Camera. Bachelor's Thesis (39 p). Oulu University of Applied Science. Supervisors P. Alaluukas & J. Vatjus-Anttila.
Vatjus-Anttila, Jukka (2012).  Multiple Connections in RealXtend Architecture. Bachelor's Thesis (37 p). Oulu University of Applied Science. Supervisors V. Väisänen & J. Vatjus-Anttila.
Hyvärinen, Juha (2012). Surface Reconstruction of Point Clouds Captured with Microsoft Kinect. Bachelor's Thesis (42 p). Oulu University of Applied Science. Supervisors P. Alaluukas & J. Vatjus-Anttila.
Koskenranta, Olli (2012). Manipulating 3D Objects with Gaze and Hand Gestures. Bachelor's Thesis (31 p). Oulu University of Applied Science. Supervisors T. Vainio & J. Vatjus-Anttila.
Hemmoranta, Julianna (2012). Luonnoksesta kolmiulotteiseksi tilaksi: Virtuaalitilan 3D-mallinnus mobiilialustalle. Bachelor's Thesis (116 p). Oulu University of Applied Science. Supervisors H. Timonen & L. Arhippainen & M. Pakanen.
Koskenranta, O., Colley, A., Häkkilä, J. (2013). Portable CAVE Using a Mobile Projector. In Proc. International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing (Ubicomp), September 8-12, Zurich, Switzerland.
Posti, M., Ventä-Olkkonen, L., and Häkkilä, J. (2012). Using 3D Virtual Worlds in the Design of Wellness Applications. In NordiCHI 2012 workshop on Designing for Wellness and Behavior Change, October 14-17, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Ventä-Olkkonen, L., Posti, M., Häkkilä, J. (2013). Perceptions of Initial Mixed Reality Concepts at Home – A Photo Stimulated User Study. In MobileHCI 2013 workshop on Designing Mobile Augmented Reality, August 27-30, Munich, Germany.
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